使用 zsh 提升效率

前一阵子在使用 zsh ,在配置好 oh-my-zsh 后, shell 将变得更加便捷。这次重新安装,记录一下。

  • 本文所有操作均在普通用户下进行。
  • 本文使用的操作系统为 Ubuntu 16.04.5 LTS

最终效果

这里先放一张最终效果图。

oh-my-zsh with 'ys' theme.png

安装 zsh

安装这个就不用说了:

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sudo apt install zsh

将 zsh 设置为默认 shell:

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chsh -s /bin/zsh

安装配置 oh-my-zsh

安装 oh-my-zsh 主程序

既然使用了 zsh 那就少不了 oh-my-zsh 下边就来安装 oh-my-zsh

这里使用 curl 或者 wget 从网络下载并安装,如果没有安装 curlwget ,需要先安装其中一个。

安装 curlwget ,任选其一:

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sudo apt install curl
sudo apt install wget

使用 curl 安装 oh-my-zsh :

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sh -c "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/robbyrussell/oh-my-zsh/master/tools/install.sh)"

使用 wget 安装 oh-my-zsh :

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sh -c "$(wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/robbyrussell/oh-my-zsh/master/tools/install.sh -O -)"

设置主题

oh-my-zsh 自带了许多主题,自带主题可以直接在 ~/.zshrc 配置文件中进行配置。

个人比较喜欢 ys 主题 。

编辑配置文件:

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vim .zshrc

在其中添加配置,并注释掉默认的主题配置:

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# ZSH_THEME="robbyrussell" # default
ZSH_THEME="ys"

更改配置文件后需要重新加载配置文件,或者直接重启 zsh

重新加载配置文件

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source ~/.zshrc

添加插件

zsh 有很多好用的插件可以提高我们的效率,介绍两个比较常用的

历史命令建议

zsh-autosuggestions

克隆仓库

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git clone https://github.com/zsh-users/zsh-autosuggestions ${ZSH_CUSTOM:-~/.oh-my-zsh/custom}/plugins/zsh-autosuggestions

启用插件

编辑 ~/.zshrc 文件,添加

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plugins=(zsh-autosuggestions)

启用 256 位颜色,不启用的话,命令提示的灰色将显示为白色。

编辑 ~/.zshrc 文件,添加:

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export TERM=xterm-256color

加载启用(也可以重启 zsh )

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source ~/.zshrc

参考:https://github.com/zsh-users/zsh-autosuggestions/blob/master/INSTALL.md

命令行语法高亮插件

zsh-syntax-highlighting

克隆仓库

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git clone https://github.com/zsh-users/zsh-syntax-highlighting.git ${ZSH_CUSTOM:-~/.oh-my-zsh/custom}/plugins/zsh-syntax-highlighting

编辑 ~/.zshrc 文件,在plugins中添加配置

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plugins=(zsh-syntax-highlighting)

加载启用(也可以重启 zsh )

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source ~/.zshrc

参考: https://github.com/zsh-users/zsh-syntax-highlighting

本人配置文件

配置文件十分简单,这里仅仅作为一个模板供参考。

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# If you come from bash you might have to change your $PATH.
# export PATH=$HOME/bin:/usr/local/bin:$PATH

# Path to your oh-my-zsh installation.
export ZSH="/home/codingfanlt/.oh-my-zsh"
export TERM=xterm-256color

# Set name of the theme to load --- if set to "random", it will
# load a random theme each time oh-my-zsh is loaded, in which case,
# to know which specific one was loaded, run: echo $RANDOM_THEME
# See https://github.com/robbyrussell/oh-my-zsh/wiki/Themes
# ZSH_THEME="robbyrussell" # default
ZSH_THEME="ys"
#ZSH_THEME="agnoster" # (this is one of the fancy ones)

# Set list of themes to pick from when loading at random
# Setting this variable when ZSH_THEME=random will cause zsh to load
# a theme from this variable instead of looking in ~/.oh-my-zsh/themes/
# If set to an empty array, this variable will have no effect.
# ZSH_THEME_RANDOM_CANDIDATES=( "robbyrussell" "agnoster" )

# Uncomment the following line to use case-sensitive completion.
# CASE_SENSITIVE="true"

# Uncomment the following line to use hyphen-insensitive completion.
# Case-sensitive completion must be off. _ and - will be interchangeable.
# HYPHEN_INSENSITIVE="true"

# Uncomment the following line to disable bi-weekly auto-update checks.
# DISABLE_AUTO_UPDATE="true"

# Uncomment the following line to change how often to auto-update (in days).
# export UPDATE_ZSH_DAYS=13

# Uncomment the following line to disable colors in ls.
# DISABLE_LS_COLORS="true"

# Uncomment the following line to disable auto-setting terminal title.
# DISABLE_AUTO_TITLE="true"

# Uncomment the following line to enable command auto-correction.
# ENABLE_CORRECTION="true"

# Uncomment the following line to display red dots whilst waiting for completion.
# COMPLETION_WAITING_DOTS="true"

# Uncomment the following line if you want to disable marking untracked files
# under VCS as dirty. This makes repository status check for large repositories
# much, much faster.
# DISABLE_UNTRACKED_FILES_DIRTY="true"

# Uncomment the following line if you want to change the command execution time
# stamp shown in the history command output.
# You can set one of the optional three formats:
# "mm/dd/yyyy"|"dd.mm.yyyy"|"yyyy-mm-dd"
# or set a custom format using the strftime function format specifications,
# see 'man strftime' for details.
# HIST_STAMPS="mm/dd/yyyy"

# Would you like to use another custom folder than $ZSH/custom?
# ZSH_CUSTOM=/path/to/new-custom-folder

# Which plugins would you like to load?
# Standard plugins can be found in ~/.oh-my-zsh/plugins/*
# Custom plugins may be added to ~/.oh-my-zsh/custom/plugins/
# Example format: plugins=(rails git textmate ruby lighthouse)
# Add wisely, as too many plugins slow down shell startup.
plugins=(
git
extract # x command
zsh-autosuggestions
zsh-syntax-highlighting
)

source $ZSH/oh-my-zsh.sh

# User configuration

# export MANPATH="/usr/local/man:$MANPATH"

# You may need to manually set your language environment
# export LANG=en_US.UTF-8

# Preferred editor for local and remote sessions
# if [[ -n $SSH_CONNECTION ]]; then
# export EDITOR='vim'
# else
# export EDITOR='mvim'
# fi

# Compilation flags
# export ARCHFLAGS="-arch x86_64"

# ssh
# export SSH_KEY_PATH="~/.ssh/rsa_id"

# Set personal aliases, overriding those provided by oh-my-zsh libs,
# plugins, and themes. Aliases can be placed here, though oh-my-zsh
# users are encouraged to define aliases within the ZSH_CUSTOM folder.
# For a full list of active aliases, run `alias`.
#
# Example aliases
# alias zshconfig="mate ~/.zshrc"
# alias ohmyzsh="mate ~/.oh-my-zsh"